ARCHETYPE Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) Dyspnea Scale (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.mmrc_dyspnea_scale.v1)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.mmrc_dyspnea_scale.v1
ConceptModified Medical Research Council (mMRC) Dyspnea Scale
DescriptionThe mMRC scale is a self-rating tool to measure the degree of disability that breathlessness poses on day-to-day activities on a scale from 0 to 4.
UseUse to record the characterisation baseline dyspnea in patients with respiratory disease such as COPD. Whilst it moderately correlates with other healthcare-associated morbidity, mortality and quality of life scales (particularly in COPD) the scores are only variably associated with patients' perceptions of respiratory symptom burden. It is used as a component of the BODE Index, which predicts adverse outcomes, including mortality and risk of hospitalisation. The scale is easy and efficient to use and can be used to categorize patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in terms of their disability.
PurposeTo record the expression of dyspnea the Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) Dyspnea Scale.
ReferencesNerys Williams, The MRC breathlessness scale, Occupational Medicine, Volume 67, Issue 6, August 2017, Pages 496–497, https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqx086
Copyright© HiGHmed
AuthorsAuthor name: Mareike Joseph
Organisation: Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics of TU BS and Hannover Medical School
Email: joseph.mareike@mh-hannover.de
Date originally authored: 2022-04-19
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Mareike Joseph
Organisation: Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics of TU BS and Hannover Medical School
Email: joseph.mareike@mh-hannover.de
Date originally authored: 2022-04-19
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/., custodian_organisation=HiGHmed, references=Nerys Williams, The MRC breathlessness scale, Occupational Medicine, Volume 67, Issue 6, August 2017, Pages 496–497, https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqx086, original_namespace=org.highmed, original_publisher=HiGHmed, custodian_namespace=org.highmed, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=0776B69A83639BA9723FD78A3DA0C290, build_uid=78e51a6c-93bd-4c77-aa09-91a08fc4ddd4, revision=1.0.0}
KeywordsCOPD, Breathlessness, Dyspnoea, Syspnea, Shortness of breath, Modified British Medical Research Council, mMRC, mMRC-Score, COPD severity, COPD Stages, pneumology
Lifecyclepublished
UID37ac0be3-ed38-4d88-825b-9d047a7a7618
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1246.145.1734
Revision Number1.0.0
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  • Grade 0 [I only get breathless with strenuous exercise.]
  • Grade 1 [I get short of breath when hurrying on level ground or walking up a slight hill.]
  • Grade 2 [On level ground, I walk slower than people of the same age because of breathlessness, or I have to stop for breath when walking at my own pace on the level.]
  • Grade 3 [I stop for breath after walking about 100 yards or after a few minutes on level ground.]
  • Grade 4 [I am too breathless to leave the house or I am breathless when dressing.]
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