ARCHETYPE Audiological speech test result (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.audiology_speech_test_result_local.v0)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.audiology_speech_test_result_local.v0
ConceptAudiological speech test result
DescriptionRecord of results from an audiology speech test conducted for the purpose of assessing speech recognition, speech discrimintaion and speech intelligibility, and their clinical interpretation.
UseUse to record the results of audiology speech tests carried out to assess the ability of a subject to understand speech in quiet and in noise, i.e. speech recognition, speech discrimination and speech intelligibility. Use to record the clinical interpretation of audiology speech tests carried out to assess speech discrimination and speech recognition.
MisuseNot to be used for audiology speech testing that is used for phonemic confusions analysis. Not to be used to assess speech production. Not to be used to record audiology speech tests where the presentaton level is not known - for example: unmonitored live voice.
PurposeTo record results from an audiology speech test conducted for the purpose of assessing speech recognition, speech discrimintaion and speech intelligibility, and their clinical interpretation.
ReferencesDerived from: Audiology Speech Test Result, Draft archetype [Internet]. Australian Digital Health Agency (NEHTA), ADHA Clinical Knowledge Manager. Authored: 2013 Jan 13. Available at: http://dcm.nehta.org.au/ckm#showArchetype_1013.1.1174_3 (discontinued).

Taylor B. Predicting Real World Hearing Aid Benefit with Speech Audiometry: An Evidence-Based Review; 2007 May 07 [cited 2013 Feb 08]. Available from: http://www.audiologyonline.com/articles/predicting-real-world-hearing-aid-946.

Madel J, Flexer C. Pediatric Audiology: Diagnosis, Technology, and Management. Thieme Medical Publishers; 2008. Chapter 10, Evaluation of Speech Perception in Infants and Children, p89-105.

Gordon-Salant S. Age-related differences in speech recognition performance as a function of test format and paradigm. Ear Hear. 1987 Oct;8(5):277-82. PubMed PMID: 3678641.

Nilsson M, Soli S D, Sullivan, J A. Development of the Hearing In Noise Test for the measurement of speech reception thresholds in quiet and in noise. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 1085 (1994), DOI:10.1121/1.408469.
Copyright© Northern Territory Department of Health (Australia), openEHR Foundation, HiGHmed
AuthorsAuthor name: Kerrie Lee
Email: kerrie.lee2@bigpond.com
Date originally authored: 2013-01-13
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Kerrie Lee
Email: kerrie.lee2@bigpond.com
Date originally authored: 2013-01-13
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/., custodian_organisation=HiGHmed, references=Derived from: Audiology Speech Test Result, Draft archetype [Internet]. Australian Digital Health Agency (NEHTA), ADHA Clinical Knowledge Manager. Authored: 2013 Jan 13. Available at: http://dcm.nehta.org.au/ckm#showArchetype_1013.1.1174_3 (discontinued). Taylor B. Predicting Real World Hearing Aid Benefit with Speech Audiometry: An Evidence-Based Review; 2007 May 07 [cited 2013 Feb 08]. Available from: http://www.audiologyonline.com/articles/predicting-real-world-hearing-aid-946. Madel J, Flexer C. Pediatric Audiology: Diagnosis, Technology, and Management. Thieme Medical Publishers; 2008. Chapter 10, Evaluation of Speech Perception in Infants and Children, p89-105. Gordon-Salant S. Age-related differences in speech recognition performance as a function of test format and paradigm. Ear Hear. 1987 Oct;8(5):277-82. PubMed PMID: 3678641. Nilsson M, Soli S D, Sullivan, J A. Development of the Hearing In Noise Test for the measurement of speech reception thresholds in quiet and in noise. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 1085 (1994), DOI:10.1121/1.408469., current_contact=Heather Leslie, Atomica Informatics, Australia, original_namespace=org.highmed, original_publisher=HiGHmed, custodian_namespace=org.highmed, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=4B7C7EAF3182D32743F3EE7D253E79DC, build_uid=89d61a29-500c-471b-a164-3b06b37befa1, revision=0.0.1-alpha}
Keywordsspeech test, speech intelligibility, hearing,, audiology
Lifecyclein_development
UID29a78ab8-cfe2-4685-8884-594e0d36c8ca
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1246.145.2007
Revision Number0.0.1-alpha
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Kathy Currie, Northern Territory Health, Australia
Sam Heard, Ocean Informatics, Australia (Editor)
Anthony Leech, Hearing Health, Australia
Kerrie Lee, Ngaanyatjarra Health Service, Australia
Heather Leslie, Atomica Informatics, Australia (Editor)
Ian McNicoll, Ocean Informatics UK, United Kingdom
Kirsten Wagener, Hörzentum Oldenburg, Germany
Tahereh Afghah, Hörzentum Oldenburg, Germany
Ania Warzybok, University of Oldenburg and Cluster of Excellence Hearing4all, Germany
Birger Kollmeier, University of Oldenburg and Cluster of Excellence Hearing4all, Germany
Lena Schell-Majoor, University of Oldenburg and Cluster of Excellence Hearing4all, Germany
Mareike Buhl, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, originalLanguage=en, translators=, subjectOfData=unconstrained, archetypeTranslationTree=null, topLevelToAshis={events=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002], code=at0002, itemType=EVENT, level=2, text=Any event, description=Default, unspecified point in time or interval event which may be explicitly defined in a template or at run-time., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=EVENT, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null]], relationships=[], source=[], items=[], state=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/state[at0023]/items[at0080], code=at0080, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Reason for no test result, description=Reason why no result is available for the test ear., comment=For example, patient was not cooperative; patient was not capable; ran out of time., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/state[at0023]/items[at0131], code=at0131, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Medication, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null]], credentials=[], details=[], other_participations=[], identities=[], activities=[], target=[], data=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0010], code=at0010, itemType=CLUSTER, level=4, text=Speech intelligibility scores, description=Results obtained for performance, i.e., speech intelligibility in percent, at specific test levels., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0010]/items[at0011], code=at0011, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=stimulus level, description=The sound pressure level in dB SPL of the speech., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Loudness
Units: dB
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  • Percent
Numerator: 0.0..100.0
Integral
Assumed value: false
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Units: dB
Limit decimal places: 1, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0019], code=at0019, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Signal to noise ratio to achieve target, description=The relation of the sound pressure level of the speech signal to the sound pressure level of the noise in dB to achieve the target speech intelligibility in percent., comment=For example: if the speech level is 50 dB and the noise level in 60 dB then the SNR is -10., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Loudness
Units: -20.0..30.0 dB
Limit decimal places: 0, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0136], code=at0136, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=No test result, description=No test result is available for the test ear., comment=Record as True if the clinician was unable to record a result for the test ear or binaural testing in a soundfield, as defined by the 'Test Ear' data element., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_BOOLEAN, bindings=null, values=Allowed values: {true}, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0013], code=at0013, itemType=CLUSTER, level=5, text=Reliability values, description=Details about the responses correct of the subject being tested., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=1..1, cardinalityText=Maximum of 1 item, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0013]/items[at0016], code=at0016, itemType=ELEMENT, level=6, text=Standard error, description=A measure to compare a sample mean and a population mean., comment=This data element needs the properties of the quantity to be set to allow a decimal number., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: null
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0013]/items[at0078], code=at0078, itemType=ELEMENT, level=6, text=Confidence interval, description=A term used in inferential statistics that measures the probability that a population parameter will fall between two set values., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Units: dB, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0017]/items[at0013]/items[at0081], code=at0081, itemType=ELEMENT, level=6, text=Sample size, description=The number of reverals in an adaptive threshold test used for calculating estimates of a given test result., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_COUNT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0022], code=at0022, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Comment, description=Additional narrative about the test results and intepretation not captured in other fields., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null]], protocol=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0145], code=at0145, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Test name, description=Name of conducted speech test. , comment=Use published name (including a reference) if possible., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0132], code=at0132, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Tested Side, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Left ear [Left ear was tested]
  • Right ear [Right ear was tested]
  • Binaural [Binaurally tested]
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  • Percent
Numerator: 0.0..100.0
Assumed value: false
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
Limit decimal places: 0, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0111], code=at0111, itemType=CLUSTER, level=2, text=Non-adaptive test procedure, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0111]/items[at0106], code=at0106, itemType=ELEMENT, level=3, text=Competing noise presentation level, description=The initial sound pressure level of the masking sound, e.g., competing noise in dB. , comment=Not applicable for speech in quiet tests., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Loudness
Units: dB
Limit decimal places: 0, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0093], code=at0093, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Presented sensory modalities, description=The method used to present the speech test stimulus., comment=For exampe: a visual stimulus can be used to test lip reading skills., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Auditory test [An auditory stimulus is presented to the test subject.]
  • Audiovisual test [A combination of auditory and visual stimuli are presented to the test subject.]
  • Visual test [A visual stimulus is presented to the test subject.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0054], code=at0054, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Voice type, description=The mode by which the speech test stimuli are presented., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Female [Stimuli presented by a female talker.]
  • Male [Stimuli presented by a male talker.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0057], code=at0057, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Presentation method, description=The method used to present the speech test stimulus., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Loudspeaker [The stimulus is presented via a loudspeaker located at least one metre away from the subject.]
  • Insert earphone [The stimulus is presented via insert earphones.]
  • Headphone [The stimulus is presented via external headphones - either circumaural or supraaural.]
  • Live voice [The stimulus is spoken.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0113], code=at0113, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Definition of scored elements, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • word scoring [counting correct words in responses.]
  • sentence scoring [counting correct sentences in responses.]
  • phoneme scoring [counting correct phonemes in responses.]
  • keyword scoring [counting correct keywords in responses.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0060], code=at0060, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Response type, description=The type of response the patient is asked to give after hearing each stimulus., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Vocal [The person repeats the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Picture pointing [The test subject points to a picture of the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Written response alternatives [The test subject points to written text that corresponds to the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Concrete object pointing [The subject response is to point to a 3 dimensional (i.e., concrete) object.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0064], code=at0064, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Response set, description=The size of the response set., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Open set [The size of the response set is unlimited.]
  • Closed set [The size of the response set is limited.]
  • Closed task domain [The response set is limited and the response alternatives remain constant for the whole test list.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0068], code=at0068, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Closed set alternatives, description=The number of response alternatives offered in the Closed Set., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_COUNT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0069], code=at0069, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Closed domain items, description=The number of response items offered in the Closed Task Domain., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_COUNT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0070], code=at0070, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Speech material, description=The type of speech stimulus used for the speech test., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Nonsense syllable [A consonant-vowel (CV) or CCV or VC or VCC item that is not a real word but is phonotactically correct.]
  • Nonsense CVC [Nonsense word comprising a consonant, then a vowel, then a final consonant, for example, "wub" or "yat".]
  • Nonsense word [A speech stimulus that is not a real word but is phonotactically correct.]
  • Monosyllabic word [A word comprised of a single syllable. For example, 'green'.]
  • Spondee word [A word comprised of 2 syllables with equal stress on each syllable. For example, 'sunshine'.]
  • Trochee word [A word that is comprised of two syllables with stress on the first syllable. For example 'bucket'.]
  • Matrix sentence [Sentence composed of a fixed syntactical structure without meaningful context.]
  • Meaningful sentence [A grammatical unit of one or more words that expresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, everyday-sentences etc.]
  • Number [A number.]
  • Digit triplet [A sequence of three digits.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0101], code=at0101, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Announcement, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Sentence [An announcement sentence is presented prior each stimulus.]
  • Non-speech auditory cue [A non-speech auditory announcement is presented prior each stimulus (e.g. beep).]
  • Visual cue [A visual cue is presented prior each stimulus (e.g. flashing light).]
  • Without [No announcement prior each stimulus.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0040], code=at0040, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Competing noise type, description=Type of signal used as a competing signal during speech in noise testing. Further details can be given in "Competing noise type details". , comment=Not applicable for speech in quiet tests., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • White noise [Noise that has the same power at all frequencies (i.e., a flat power spectrum).]
  • Speech spectrum noise [Noise spectrum that approximates the average long term spectrum of adult male speech and has a slope below 100 Hz of +6 dB/octave, a flat spectrum between 100 Hz and 320 Hz, and above 320 Hz a slope of -6 dB/octave.]
  • Multitalker babble [A recording of the voices of many people who are talking simultaneously, resulting in an unintelligible babble.]
  • Alternate speaker [The masker is a single person speaking and this speaker is different to the speaker used for the test stimulus.]
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  • Ipsilateral [The noise is presented to the same ear(s) as the speech signal.]
  • Contralateral [The noise is presented to the ear opposite to the speech signal.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0036], code=at0036, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Competing noise presentation method, description=The method used to present the masking test signal., comment=Not applicable for speech in quiet tests., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Soundfield [The competing noise is presented via a loudspeaker located at least one metre away from the subject.]
  • Insert earphone [The competing noise is presented via insert earphones.]
  • Headphone [The competing noise is presented via external headphones - either circumaural or supraaural.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0046], code=at0046, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Calibration reference dB, description=Scale used for acoustic calibration check., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • dB SPL [The sound pressure level scale was used.]
  • dB HL [The hearing level scale was used.]
  • dB A [The A-weighted decibels of the sound pressure level scale were used.]
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  • Hearing Aid
  • Bone Anchored Hearing Aid
  • Middle Ear Implant
  • Cochlea Implant
  • Auditory Brainstem Implant
  • Other
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  • Left ear
  • Right ear
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  • Native [Listener is native speaker in the presented test language.]
  • Fluent [Listener is fluent in the presented test language.]
  • Basic [Listener has only basic proficiency in the presented test language.]
  • None [Listener has no proficiency in the presented test language.]
, extendedValues=null]], ism_transition=[], contacts=[], provider=[], description=[], capabilities=[], content=[], context=[]}, topLevelItems={data=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003], code=at0003, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=2, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=0..1, cardinalityText=optional, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null], protocol=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/protocol[at0032], code=at0032, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=0, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=0..1, cardinalityText=optional, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null], state=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/state[at0023], code=at0023, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=2, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=0..1, cardinalityText=optional, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null]}, addHierarchyItemsTo=protocol, currentHierarchyItemsForAdding=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0145], code=at0145, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Test name, description=Name of conducted speech test. , comment=Use published name (including a reference) if possible., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0132], code=at0132, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Tested Side, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Left ear [Left ear was tested]
  • Right ear [Right ear was tested]
  • Binaural [Binaurally tested]
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  • Percent
Numerator: 0.0..100.0
Assumed value: false
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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Units: dB
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  • Auditory test [An auditory stimulus is presented to the test subject.]
  • Audiovisual test [A combination of auditory and visual stimuli are presented to the test subject.]
  • Visual test [A visual stimulus is presented to the test subject.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0054], code=at0054, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Voice type, description=The mode by which the speech test stimuli are presented., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Female [Stimuli presented by a female talker.]
  • Male [Stimuli presented by a male talker.]
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  • Loudspeaker [The stimulus is presented via a loudspeaker located at least one metre away from the subject.]
  • Insert earphone [The stimulus is presented via insert earphones.]
  • Headphone [The stimulus is presented via external headphones - either circumaural or supraaural.]
  • Live voice [The stimulus is spoken.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0113], code=at0113, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Definition of scored elements, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • word scoring [counting correct words in responses.]
  • sentence scoring [counting correct sentences in responses.]
  • phoneme scoring [counting correct phonemes in responses.]
  • keyword scoring [counting correct keywords in responses.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0060], code=at0060, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Response type, description=The type of response the patient is asked to give after hearing each stimulus., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Vocal [The person repeats the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Picture pointing [The test subject points to a picture of the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Written response alternatives [The test subject points to written text that corresponds to the stimulus item that was heard.]
  • Concrete object pointing [The subject response is to point to a 3 dimensional (i.e., concrete) object.]
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  • Open set [The size of the response set is unlimited.]
  • Closed set [The size of the response set is limited.]
  • Closed task domain [The response set is limited and the response alternatives remain constant for the whole test list.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0068], code=at0068, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Closed set alternatives, description=The number of response alternatives offered in the Closed Set., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_COUNT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0069], code=at0069, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Closed domain items, description=The number of response items offered in the Closed Task Domain., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_COUNT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0070], code=at0070, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Speech material, description=The type of speech stimulus used for the speech test., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Nonsense syllable [A consonant-vowel (CV) or CCV or VC or VCC item that is not a real word but is phonotactically correct.]
  • Nonsense CVC [Nonsense word comprising a consonant, then a vowel, then a final consonant, for example, "wub" or "yat".]
  • Nonsense word [A speech stimulus that is not a real word but is phonotactically correct.]
  • Monosyllabic word [A word comprised of a single syllable. For example, 'green'.]
  • Spondee word [A word comprised of 2 syllables with equal stress on each syllable. For example, 'sunshine'.]
  • Trochee word [A word that is comprised of two syllables with stress on the first syllable. For example 'bucket'.]
  • Matrix sentence [Sentence composed of a fixed syntactical structure without meaningful context.]
  • Meaningful sentence [A grammatical unit of one or more words that expresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, everyday-sentences etc.]
  • Number [A number.]
  • Digit triplet [A sequence of three digits.]
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  • Sentence [An announcement sentence is presented prior each stimulus.]
  • Non-speech auditory cue [A non-speech auditory announcement is presented prior each stimulus (e.g. beep).]
  • Visual cue [A visual cue is presented prior each stimulus (e.g. flashing light).]
  • Without [No announcement prior each stimulus.]
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  • White noise [Noise that has the same power at all frequencies (i.e., a flat power spectrum).]
  • Speech spectrum noise [Noise spectrum that approximates the average long term spectrum of adult male speech and has a slope below 100 Hz of +6 dB/octave, a flat spectrum between 100 Hz and 320 Hz, and above 320 Hz a slope of -6 dB/octave.]
  • Multitalker babble [A recording of the voices of many people who are talking simultaneously, resulting in an unintelligible babble.]
  • Alternate speaker [The masker is a single person speaking and this speaker is different to the speaker used for the test stimulus.]
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  • Ipsilateral [The noise is presented to the same ear(s) as the speech signal.]
  • Contralateral [The noise is presented to the ear opposite to the speech signal.]
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  • Soundfield [The competing noise is presented via a loudspeaker located at least one metre away from the subject.]
  • Insert earphone [The competing noise is presented via insert earphones.]
  • Headphone [The competing noise is presented via external headphones - either circumaural or supraaural.]
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  • dB SPL [The sound pressure level scale was used.]
  • dB HL [The hearing level scale was used.]
  • dB A [The A-weighted decibels of the sound pressure level scale were used.]
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  • Hearing Aid
  • Bone Anchored Hearing Aid
  • Middle Ear Implant
  • Cochlea Implant
  • Auditory Brainstem Implant
  • Other
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  • Left ear
  • Right ear
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0118]/items[at0129], code=at0129, itemType=ELEMENT, level=3, text=Listening device settings, description=Additional narrative about the test results and intepretation not captured in other fields., comment=E.g., programs/fittings of HA or CI used during measurement. , uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0118]/items[at0130], code=at0130, itemType=ELEMENT, level=3, text=Comment, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0032]/items[at0153], code=at0153, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Language proficiency of the listener, description=The size of the response set., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Native [Listener is native speaker in the presented test language.]
  • Fluent [Listener is fluent in the presented test language.]
  • Basic [Listener has only basic proficiency in the presented test language.]
  • None [Listener has no proficiency in the presented test language.]
, extendedValues=null]], minIndents={}, termBindingRetrievalErrorMessage=null]