ARCHETYPE Respirations (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.respiration.v0)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.respiration.v0
ConceptRespirations
DescriptionThe observed characteristics of spontaneous breathing as would commonly be recorded as part of a 'vital signs' examination.
UseUse to record the observed and measured characteristics related to spontaneous respirations in a person, including respiratory rate, depth and rhythm. Respirations are commonly recorded as one component of Vital signs - comprising Blood Pressure, Pulse, Temperature, and Oximetry. There are additional specific archetypes for each of these concepts. Respirations should be measured before feeds in neonates and young infants.
MisuseNot to be used to try to record other aspects of the broader respiratory examination or assessment. Other specific archetypes will be used to record characteristics such as respiratory effort, auscultatory findings etc. Not to be used to record details when the subject is undergoing assisted ventilation.
PurposeTo record the observed characteristics of spontaneous breathing.
ReferencesDerived from: https://ckm.openehr.org/ckm/#showArchetype_1013.1.145
Braun RB. Respiratory Rate and Pattern. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW. Clinical methods: the history, physical, and laboratory examinations. [Internet] 3rd ed. Stoneham (MA): Butterworth Publishers; c1990 [cited 2009 Jul 21]
Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=cm&part=A1308 [Accessed July 22, 2009].

Gaunt AC, Frang T. Examination of the Respiratory System. The Journal of Clinical Examination 2007 (4): 14-22
Available from: http://www.thejce.com/downloads/journals/oct_2007/14-22%20Gaunt%20and%20Frang%20-%20Respiratory%20System.pdf [Accessed July 22, 2009]

Cheyne-Stokes respiration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ]
Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyne-Stokes_respiration

Biot's respiration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ]
Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biot%27s_respiration

Apneustic respirations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ]
Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apneustic_respirations
Copyright© openEHR Foundation, HiGHmed
AuthorsAuthor name: Ian McNicoll
Organisation: Ocean Informatics, United Kingdom
Email: ian.mcnicoll@oceaninformatics.com
Date originally authored: 2009-07-17
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Ian McNicoll
Organisation: Ocean Informatics, United Kingdom
Email: ian.mcnicoll@oceaninformatics.com
Date originally authored: 2009-07-17
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/., custodian_organisation=HiGHmed, references=Derived from: https://ckm.openehr.org/ckm/#showArchetype_1013.1.145 Braun RB. Respiratory Rate and Pattern. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW. Clinical methods: the history, physical, and laboratory examinations. [Internet] 3rd ed. Stoneham (MA): Butterworth Publishers; c1990 [cited 2009 Jul 21] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=cm&part=A1308 [Accessed July 22, 2009]. Gaunt AC, Frang T. Examination of the Respiratory System. The Journal of Clinical Examination 2007 (4): 14-22 Available from: http://www.thejce.com/downloads/journals/oct_2007/14-22%20Gaunt%20and%20Frang%20-%20Respiratory%20System.pdf [Accessed July 22, 2009] Cheyne-Stokes respiration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ] Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyne-Stokes_respiration Biot's respiration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ] Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biot%27s_respiration Apneustic respirations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Internet]. [cited 2009 Jul 25 ] Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apneustic_respirations, original_namespace=org.highmed, original_publisher=HiGHmed, custodian_namespace=org.highmed, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=92A071F82F93EC66F06604AF23593DEF, build_uid=fb1d38ce-0d6c-4397-87ef-0bfe74e8491c, revision=0.0.1-alpha}
Keywordsrespirations, breathing, breath, resps, respiration
Lifecyclein_development
UIDe557e2cc-4061-4550-bb21-d2717437e247
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1246.145.682
Revision Number0.0.1-alpha
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Gregory Caulton, PatientOS Inc., United States
Stephen Chu, NeHTA, Australia
Sebastian Garde, Ocean Informatics, Germany
Anne Harbison, CPCER, Australia
Sam Heard, Ocean Informatics, Australia
Omer Hotomaroglu, Turkey
Sundaresan Jagannathan, Scottish NHS, United Kingdom
Andrew James, University of Toronto, Canada
Heather Leslie, Ocean Informatics, Australia (Editor)
Rikard Lovstrom, Swedish Medical Association, Sweden
Ian McNicoll, Ocean Informatics, United Kingdom (Editor)
Jeroen Meintjens, Medisch Centrum Alkmaar, Netherlands
Soon Ghee Yap, Singapore Health Services Pte Ltd, Singapore
Hildegard McNicoll, freshEHR Clinical Informatics Ltd., UK, originalLanguage=en, translators=German: Jasmin Buck, Sebastian Garde, University of Heidelberg, Central Queensland University
Swedish: Kirsi Poikela, Tieto Sweden Healthcare & Welfare AB, ext.kirsi.poikela@tieto.com
Spanish (Argentina): Dr. Leonardo Der Jachadurian, Bitios.com, Medical Doctor (Internal Medicine Specialist)
Portuguese (Brazil): Carlos Porto Filho, USP
Arabic (Syria): ?
Farsi: Shahla Foozonkhah, Ocean Informatics
Dutch: Marja Buur, Medisch Centrum Alkmaar, m.buur-krom@mca.nl
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  • Irregular [Irregular respirations.]
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  • Shallow [Shallow depth of breathing.]
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  • Variable [Variable depth of breathing.]
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  •  Coded Text
    • Kussmaul's respiration [Deep chest breathing with or without a visible gasp.]
    • Cheyne-Stokes respiration [Periods of hyperventilation alternating with periods of apnoea.]
    • Ataxic respiration [Breathing of varying tidal volumes and rates.]
    • Apneustic respiration [Deep, gasping inspiration with a pause at full inspiration followed by a brief, insufficient release of breath.]
    • Cluster breathing [Clusters of irregular breaths that alternate with periods of apnoea. Also termed Biot's breathing.]
    • Apnoea [Breathing has ceased.]
    • Prolonged expiratory phase [The respiratory expiratory phase is longer than normal/usual. Associated with obstructive airways disease such as asthma.]
    • Tachypnoea [Abnormally rapid breathing.]
    • Bradypnoea [Abnormally slow breathing.]
    • Normal [Normal breathing pattern.]
  •  Text
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